Posts Tagged ‘NLP’

Neurogical Levels in NLP I.

Hypnosys & NLP

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One of my favourite exploratory models in NLP is Neurological Levels as developed by Robert Dilts. Dilts identified six different levels of experience corresponding to six different levels of neurological ‘circuitry’. Before reading about the levels, choose a behaviour (playing a sport, eating, and writing coaching tips) or a life area (money, sex, relationships) to explore:

Environment - This level defines the external context for any behaviour or event. It asks the question “where, when and with whom does (whatever you’re exploring) take place?”

Behaviour -    This is the level of action, which asks the question “what specifically do you do when you’re engaged in (whatever you’re exploring)?” Behaviour is made up of the specific actions or reactions we take. Regardless of our capabilities, behaviour describes what we actually do at the level of conscious action.

Capability - This level answers the question “How do you do (whatever it is you’re exploring)? What capabilities and skills do you tap into when you engage in the area of your life you have chosen to explore?” Every behaviour we use is a subset of the area of our capabilities and skills. When I write, I am (hopefully) utilizing the skills of creativity, self-reflection, seeing the world from multiple perspectives, critical thinking, and typing.  Essentially, the capability level looks at the thinking that underpins behaviour, the mental maps and knowledge, plans or strategies a person has access to when they’re doing what they’re doing. Some behaviours and thinking patterns have been repeated so often they’ve become automatic (like getting angry, having low self esteem). Maybe it’s time to question them!

Beliefs and Values – Having explored the where, what, and how of your chosen context, the next question to ask is ‘why’? Asking yourself why (whatever you’re exploring) is important will assist you in identifying your values; asking yourself ‘what’s true about (whatever you’re exploring)?’ will begin to bring out your beliefs.
Our beliefs and values direct us and act a bit like a dual purpose valve both allowing and preventing certain things. Beliefs can be both permissive and limiting. Our beliefs and values provide the reinforcement that supports or denies our capabilities.

Identity - Your sense of self and the way that you see yourself that determines who you are. Who you are, the persona you inhabit, and how you define yourself has a huge impact on your life. Our sense of identity encompasses a vast constellation of beliefs and values about the world, and is a powerful key to unlocking transformational change. Ask yourself “Who am I when I am engaged in (whatever you’re exploring)?”

Spirit or Purpose - Spirit is my connection to a higher power – my sense of being part of a greater whole. Spirit may be your sense of mission, higher purpose, or your connection to God or your connection to that which is beyond your scope as a human. Choose the language that works best for you and ask yourself “Who or what else is involved in (whatever you’re exploring)? How does it fit in with the big picture of my life? How does it fit in with the big picture of my life on earth?”

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Neurological Levels have been represented in many ways. Here are a few of the more common.

NLP and Values

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Understanding Feelings Through NLP

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People generally attempt to describe their feelings in terms of pictures, metaphors or internal dialogue instead of actual physical sensations. So before we go any further, answer this question: "How do you feel, right now?"

Here are some of the most common types of answer to the question:

  • Judgements and Comparisons (words like good, bad, awful, fantastic, better or worse etc.) Remember – these are not feelings, they are descriptions.
  • Analogies such as "I feel an elephant is sitting on my chest", "like the cat that got the cream" or even ‘I feel like sh%t!" Again – these are not feelings, they’re descriptions.
  • Neutralizers are words like "fine", "OK", and "not bad" are also ways of keeping our feelings at a distance (i.e. like descriptions)
  • Emotions (which also are not feelings). They are generalized descriptions of a set of sensations. "I feel happy" or "I feel sad" is a step closer to your actual feelings but are also descriptions.

So what is a feeling?

A feeling is an internal sensation, like ‘warm’, ‘tingly’, ‘cool’, ‘tight’, or ‘loose’. You may feel one thing in one part of your body and something completely different in another, though we are often only aware of one dominant sensation in any given moment.

While you may prefer certain feelings to others, there is no inherent good, bad, right or wrong to what you’re feeling – a feeling is a feeling is a feeling. How you interpret those feelings however has a huge impact on how you experience life.

Have an NLP Coach who can train you to use feelings for your own good:
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    By observing a persons eye patterns, we can get clues as to where they store related information and how they will problably act upon it.


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    Bandler and Grinder observed that people move their eyes in systematic directions, depending upon the kind of thinking they are doing. Not “WHAT” they are actually thinking, but “HOW” they are thinking. These movements are called eye accessing cues. The chart below indicates the kind of processing most people do when moving their eyes in a particular direction. A small percentage of people are "reversed," that is, they move their eyes in a mirror image of the chart below.

    A person accessing visual images will move their eyes up and to the left or to the right, or they may just stare straight ahead with unfocused eyes. The person may therefore be thinking in pictures and visualising images.

    Those who move their eyes to the left or right (i.e. on a level between their ears) are either remembering or constructing sounds.

    Those who move their eyes down to the right (as you look at them) are accessing their internal dialogue or self talk (Auditory digital). That is, they may be making sense of what is going on around them through conversation with themselves.

    Those who move their eyes down to the left (as you look at them) may be accessing their feelings and how they feel about something.

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    Eye Accessing Cues – Diagram

    The diagram above is for a "normal" right handed person. Many left-handed people and some ambidextrous people will have eye movements that are reversed.

    Vr Visual Recall
    Seeing images from the memory, recalling things you’re have seen before.

    Vc Visual Constructed
    Seeing images of things you have never seen before. When you are making it up in their head, you are using Visual Constructed.

    Remember: Some people access visually by defocusing their eyes. When this happens, the eyes will usually stay in the centre.

    Ar Auditory Recall
    Is when you remember sounds or voices that you’ve heard before or things that you’ve said to yourself before.

    Ac Auditory Constructed
    This is making up sounds that you’ve not heard before.

    K Kinaesthetic (Feelings, sense of touch)
    You generally look in this direction when you’re accessing your feelings.

    Ad Auditory Digital (Talking to yourself)
    This is where your eyes move when you’re having internal dialogue.

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    Hypnotize Someone – Part I

    Before you hypnotize someone you may want to know more a little bit about the fundamentals of NLP. Why? Because NLP & Hypnosis both work with the subconscious mind. Understanding the fundamentals of NLP can support more effective and more ethical hypnotism.

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     The Fundamental Principles of NLP

     The presuppositions are the central principles central of NLP; they are its guiding philosophy, its ‘beliefs’. These principles are not claimed to be true or universal. You do not have to believe they are true. They are called presuppositions because you pre-suppose them to be true and then act as if they were. You then discover what happens. If you like the results then continue to act as if they are true. They form a set of ethical principles for life.

    1.      People respond to their experience, not to reality itself.

    We do not know what reality is. Our senses, beliefs, and past experience give us a map of the world from which to operate. A map can never be exactly accurate; otherwise it would be the same as the ground it covers. We do not know the territory, so for us, the map is the territory. Some maps are better than others for finding your way around. We navigate life like a ship through a dangerous area of sea; as long as the map shows the main hazards, we will be fine. When maps are faulty and do not show the dangers, then we are in danger of running aground. NLP is the art of changing these maps, so we have greater freedom of action. Recognise that each person’s ‘truth’ is true for them even if it differs from your ‘truth’ – since our internal version of reality is just that – a ‘version’ of reality. Discover the other person’s perceptions before you begin to influence them. (‘Meet people in their own unique model of the world’)

    2.      Having a choice is better than not having a choice.

    Always try to have a map for yourself that gives you the widest and richest number of choices. Act always to increase choice. The more choices you have, the freer you are, the more influence you have and the more likely you are to achieve your outcomes. Enhance your behavioural and attitudinal flexibility. (‘In any interaction the person with the greatest behavioural flexibility has most influence on the outcome’) Act as if there is a solution to every problem. Recognise that in any situation a person is making the best choice with the resources which they currently perceive as being available to them.

    3.      People make the best choice they can at the time.

    A person always makes the best choice they can, given their map of the world. The choice may be self-defeating, bizarre or evil, but for them, it seems the best way forward. Give them a better choice in their map of the world and they will take it. Even better give them a superior map with more choices in it.

    4.      People work perfectly.

    No one is wrong or broken. They are carrying out their strategies perfectly, but the strategies may be poorly designed and ineffective. Find out how you and others do what they do so their strategy can be changed to something more useful and desirable.

    5.      All actions have a purpose.

    Our actions are not random; we are always trying to achieve something, although we may not be aware of what that is. Human behaviour has a structure.

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    Neuro Linguistic Programing – A History

    A History of NLP


    NLP originated in the melting pot that was the University of California in Santa Cruz in the 1970s. Students were encouraged to choose whichever classes they wished, to blend Arts and Sciences subjects and basically to design their own education according to their needs and desires. In addition, students and teachers were accorded basically the same privileges and freedoms which led to close relationships being formed across the campus.

    At that time, Richard Bandler, a 20 year old, long haired, chain smoking psychology student was running a gestalt therapy group at the university which was having quite a degree of success. He was also transcribing the therapeutic sessions of Fritz Perls (the father of Gestalt psychology). It’s likely that Bandler was unconsciously using some of the techniques he’d picked up by observing Perl’s work. The problem he faced was that he was unsure of what exactly he was doing that led to his amazing successes in the gestalt group and whilst skilled at achieving these results himself, he was less skilled at teaching others to do what he did.

    John Grinder, at this time was the youngest professor of linguistics in the US and was also based at the University. He was approached by Bandler and asked to observe the Gestalt group in order to see if it would be possible to identify the principles underlying what Bandler was doing. Both became friends during this time.

    They then began to examine the work of Fritz Perls and Virginia Satir (an eminent family therapist) by analysing their writings, listening to and watching their tape and video recordings and by observing Satir in action. Later, they got to know and became admirers of Gregory Bateson who, in turn, introduced them to the work of Milton Erickson (a brilliant hypnotherapist).

    What Grinder noticed was that Bandler (and Perls, Erickson and Satir) were applying certain principles of linguistics / using the same linguistic patterns. They also noticed that Satir spoke to some clients using primarily visual terms, to some using auditory language and to others using kinaesthetically oriented language. Satir had herself been unaware that she was doing this!

    From this work, Bandler and Grinder wrote a series of which described the linguistic patterns and aspects of non-verbal communication which were used to successfully influence and help people. Incidentally, this caused Satir a degree of difficulty as Bandler and Grinder were able to point out the very skilful covert things she did with clients to get her results. Once she realized she was doing these covert things, Satir would stop doing them, because ‘manipulation’ was against her principles.

    Around the same time, Grinder and Bandler began running a psychology course where they taught their approaches to therapy. This was known (informally by students) as "Dr Grinder’s Mind-Fuck 101" The course was eventually discontinued by the University on the grounds that it constituted unauthorized experimentation on and with human subjects. It continued informally as a series of training seminars (for therapists) which were attended by Robert Dilts, Judith DeLozier (who later married Grinder), Leslie Cameron (who later married Bandler), David Gordon and Steve Gilligan amongst others. John O Stevens and Connierae Andreas took tapes of the Bandler-Grinder sessions and edited them into the brilliant volumes known as "Frogs into Princes" (1979), "Trance-Formations" (1981) and "Reframing" (1982). John O. Stevens later became better known as Steve Andreas when he married Connirae.

    Working together and experimenting (with abandon and large doses of creativity) on each other, their friends and occasional passers by, this group began to come up with ideas, insights, and techniques which explained or reproduced the results that people get. It was from this research that field of NLP grew with discoveries such as anchoring, sensory acuity, calibration, reframing, representational systems, and the two Language Models. Many of the personal change techniques such as the New Behavioural Generator and Change Personal History were also discovered here. During this time in the group was involved in extremely adventurous exploration, sometimes being downright irresponsible. There are stories of Bandler and Grinder giving phobias to unsuspecting people in shopping malls, and Gilligan putting waitresses into momentary trances while they were taking his order. Leslie Cameron spent one weekend in deep trance identification with Satir which left her with a totally different, softer voice, her strong Oklahoma accent almost completely gone. It was around this time that Bandler also coined the name Neuro-Linguistic Programming.

    The group began touring the States giving demonstrations / running training sessions towards the end of the seventies which soon became packed put due to word of mouth advertising. Bandler and Grinder reportedly would give students impossible exercises to do. Once they told a seminar that one can tell what people are thinking by watching the ways their eyes move, and asked students to discover how to do this. To their surprise, students came up with what are now known as eye accessing cues. In another seminar, a woman claimed that she didn’t have any bad memories. The NLPers asked her some questions to find out how that was possible, and as a result developed the technique called VK Dissociation, which later became the first half of the Fast Phobia / Trauma Cure.

    As the seminar tours continued into the early eighties, some splits in the NLP camp began to become evident. On the one hand this may have been due to Bandler’s personality which was quite aggressive and his heavy use of alcohol and cocaine.  On the other it may have been due to friction which arose about "who owned the rights to NLP." Bandler sued Grinder (and others) to maintain proprietary rights to NLP, and lost. In any case, they had parted ways and each began to work on their own ideas from which various types of NLP qualification were developed arising from Practitioner and Master Practitioner Courses.

    Since then, NLP has diversified and is being taught using a myriad of approaches. Each student eventually develops their own ‘brand’ of NLP which reflects their training and their beliefs. It’s become a rapidly growing, diversifying and developing body of knowledge and insights which is at best wonderfully creative, life enhancing and incredibly resourceful. At its worst it can be considered manipulative.

    To some people this lack of a body of cohesive standards and styles is unacceptable in a ‘discipline’. But then NLP never has been a discipline – it is always been a little anarchic, a little iconoclastic, a little bit ‘off message’ and, perhaps, it’s strength lies in this diverseness and it’s creative potential requires such a healthy ability to not be standardised.

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    Physiologyof Excellence

    The Physiology of Excellence

    This is my “depressed stance.”  When you’re depressed, it makes a lot of difference how you stand.  The worst thing you can do is straighten up and hold your head high because then you’ll start to feel better.  If you’re going to get any joy out of being depressed, you’ve got to stand like this.

    Charlie Brown

    “It is madness to only prepare yourself physically and leave your mental frame to chance. The difference that makes the difference is learning how to feel strong in your mind as well as your body. Every athlete should understand that you don’t have to have a gold medal around your neck to feel like you’re a champion.”

    Roger Black

    This was developed by John Grinder and is simplicity itself. It is also exceptionally powerful. In a nutshell, Grinder said that our behaviour (what we do and how well we do it) is inextricably linked with our mood and thinking, our posture and our breathing.

    The fastest way to change our state is to change our breathing. So, if you’re stressed, you’re likely to be taking fast and shallow breaths. Change your breathing to deep and slow breaths! Then alter your posture. Posture and breathing are closely linked to how we feel. For example, it would be almost impossible to feel depressed when we are breathing calmly and standing upright with a huge smile across our face.

    Then adopt a state you feel would be a useful one to have. For example, if I start to become nervous when I’m presenting, I move into deep breathing techniques, stand more upright and then ask myself the question “what would a better state be to be in?” If the answer is confidence, I fake it! I act “as if” I was confident. Strangely enough, a couple of minutes of doing all this and I notice that any nerves I did have are either totally disappeared or “at worst” lessened considerably.

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    Performance Feedback & NLP The NewTechnoology Of Acheivement

    In order to succeed in learning we need to put away our defensive attitudes and open up to the learning.  You cant get in your house if your locked out and it is the same with learning the more you open the door to empowering learning the better. If you want to discover more about hypnosis and get your free mp3 of hypnosis  click below.

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    In this article we are talking about how to give feedback, there are many ways which are discussed below.

    Giving Feedback



    “You’re much too smart to be fooled by a dumb person like you”

    Frank Farrelly


    Develop a built-in bullshit detector. 

    Ernest Hemingway (Author)


    It is not an exaggeration to describe feedback as ‘the fuel that drives improved performance’. Feedback is communication with a person that gives information about how their behaviour is perceived by others and the effect it has on them.  Feedback helps us to learn by increasing awareness of both what we are doing and how we are doing it.


    Within the context of this training, Feedback should be:


    ·         Specific and sensory based

    ·         Descriptive and not evaluative

    ·         Given in a way that encourages the learner to ask questions, respond, seek options and ways forward


    During the course of this training there will be numerous opportunities to both give and receive feedback.



    Giving feedback to yourself



    ·         Step into a clean 3rd position

    ·         List three things that s/he did well, three things that s/he could do even better, three things to add / change or try next time. What impact will this have overall?

    ·         Step into 1st position and collect and integrate the feedback



    Giving feedback to another person



    ·         Ensure the person is in a clean 3rd position

    ·         Direct your feedback to 1st position

    ·         List three things that s/he did well, less well and three things to add / change or try next time. What impact will this have overall?

    ·         Allow person in 3rd position to comment

    ·         Have person step into 1st position to collect and integrate the feedback